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Yellowstone National Park Facts and Figures



Index

Annual Budget
Cultural Resources
Elevation
Employee / Staff Info
Entrance Information
Facilities
Flora
Geology
History
Lake & River Information
Land Mass
Location
Metadata
Road & Trail Information
Size
Superintendents
UTMs
Visitation Information
Waterfalls
Weather
Wildlife



Budget


Annual Budget - Fiscal Year


Yellowstone National Park Budget Information
Year Budget Year Budget Year Budget
2015 $ 34,144,300 2008 $ 33,489,000 2001 $ 25,122,000
2014 $ 33,807,500 2007 $ 31,431,000 2000 $ 24,508,000
2013 $ 32,549,000 2006 $ 30,605,000 1999 $ 23,545,000
2012 $ 35,301,000 2005 $ 29,845,000 1998 $ 22,421,000
2011 $ 36,516,000 2004 $ 28,116,000 1997 $ 20,102,000
2010 $ 36,958,000 2003 $ 27,669,000 1996 $ 19,451,000
2009 $ 35,036,000 2002 $ 27,043,000 1995 $ 19,191,000

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Cultural Resources


Cultural Resources


A designated World Biosphere Reserve - 26 Oct 1976 - First area in the U.S. to be designated
A designated World Heritage Site - 08 Sep 1978 - First natural area in the U.S. to be designated
Archaeologic sites - 1,000+ (known)
Historic structures - 1,106
Historic Districts - 13
National Historic Landmarks - 6 (Obsidian Cliff and 5 buildings)
Historic photographs - 90,000
Museum objects - over 200,000
Linear feet of archives - 2,500
Research Library with over - 20,000 volumes
26 Affiliated American Indian tribes

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Elevation


Elevation


Highest point: 11,358 feet / 3462 meters - Eagle Peak
Lowest point: 5,282 feet / 1610 meters - Reese Creek

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Employee Information


Employees / Staffing - See Employee Reunion Page


During the Summer


National Park Service - 780
Concessions - 3,200

During Other Seasons


National Park Service - 380

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Entrance Information


Entrance Information - Open / Closure Information - See the Entrance Page for more detailed information


Busiest Entrance - West
Least Busiest Entrance - Northeast
West Entrance usually opens in mid-April
East and South Entrances open approximately a month or so later (depends on road plowing)
East, South and West Entrances normally close the first Monday in November at 8:00 am
East, South and West Entrances open for winter activities usually in mid-December
Winter access via above gates by - snowshoes, skis, snowmobile or snowcoach (no wheeled vehicles)
East, South and West Entrances close in mid-March for winter activities
North Entrance - only entrance open year round to wheeled vehicles (winter, spring, summer & fall)
Open / Closure dates are established by the Park Service and are subject to change due to weather or other conditions

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Facilities


Facilities - See Visitors Guide and Camping Page and Lodging Page


Nine (9) visitor centers / museums / information stations - For Details See: Visitor Centers Page
Nine (9) hotels / lodges (2,184 hotel rooms / cabins) - For Details See: Lodging Page
Seven (7) National Park Service operated campgrounds (458 sites) - For Details See: Camping Page
Five (5) concession operated campgrounds (1,744 sites) - For Details See: Camping Page
Over 2,000 buildings (National Park Service and concession)
Picnic Areas - 52

Ranger Stations - Park Headquarters is located at Mammoth, Wyoming - and is open all year

Bechler - Southwest corner of park - backcountry
Bridge Bay
Canyon
East Entrance
Grant Village
Lake
Lamar
Lewis Lake
Madison
Mammoth - open year round
Norris
North Entrance
Northeast Entrance
Old Faithful
South Entrance
Thorofare - Southeast corner of park - backcountry
Tower - by Roosevelt Lodge (open during winter activities)
West Entrance

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Flora


Flora


Conifers - eight (8) species (approximately 80% of forest is comprised of lodgepole pine)
Native vascular plants - approximately 1,700 species
Exotic (non-native) plants - 170 species
Lichens - 186 species

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Geology


Geology - See Geyser Page and Waterfalls Page


Bullet An Active Volcano
Bullet Earthquakes: approximately 2,000 a year
Bullet Thermal features: 10,000 (approximately)
Bullet Active geysers: 300 (approximately)
Bullet Approximately 290 waterfalls, 15 feet or higher, flowing year-round
Bullet Tallest waterfall: 308 feet / 94 meters - Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River - Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone
BulletOne of the world's largest calderas (volcanic explosion crater), measures 45 mi x 30 mi / 72 km x 48 km

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History


World's First National Park - See History Page


Forty-Second Congress of the United States of America;
At the Second Session,
Begun and held at the City of Washington, on Monday, the Fourth day of December, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one.
Established 01 March 1872, by an act of the U.S. Congress and signed by President Ulysses S. Grant.
President Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th president of the United States and Grant Village was named in his honor.


The actual Congressional Act Creating Yellowstone National Park The actual Congressional Act Creating Yellowstone National Park

Signed by:
James Gillespie Blaine - Speaker of the House of Representatives
Schuyler Colfax - Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate
George Congdon Gorham - Secretary of the Senate
Ulysses S. Grant (Hiram Ulysses Grant) - President of the United States

~

Designated an International Biosphere Reserve on: October 26th, 1976 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Designated a World Heritage Site on: Septenber 8th, 1978 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization


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Yellowstone Lake & River & Creek Information


Yellowstone Lake - For Location See Map Page


Square miles surface area - 136 / 35,400 hectares
Miles of shoreline - 110 / 177 km
Miles north to south - 20 / 32 km
Miles east to west - 14 / 23 km
Average depth - 140 feet / 43 m
Maximum depth - 400 feet / 122 m
124 Tributaries

Other Major Lakes - For Locations See Map Page


Heart Lake
Lewis Lake
Shoshone Lake

Rivers and Creeks


DeLacy Creek
Firehole River
Gardner River
Gibbon River
Lamar River
Lewis River
Madison River
Soda Butte Creek
Slough Creek
Yellowstone River

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Land Mass Make-up


Land Mass Make-up


80% is forested
15% is meadow and grassland
5% is covered by water (approximately)

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Location


Location

45th Parallel North of Mammoth - by John W. Uhler ©

45th Parallel North of Mammoth - by John W. Uhler


Northwest corner of Wyoming
Southwest border of Montana
Eastcentral border of Idaho

96% in Wyoming
3% in Montana
1% in Idaho

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Meta Data


Yellowstone Metadata - Natural Resource Inventory & Monitoring Program: Official Inventory or Monitoring Records


Yellowstone Metadata or Yellowstone Inventory

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Roads and Trails


Roads and Trails - See Roads Page and Hiking Page


Five (5) Park Entrances - For Locations See Map Page
North Entrance - Gardiner, Montana - ONLY Entrance OPEN Year Round for Visitation
Northeast Entrance - Silver Gate, Montana
East Entrance - Cody, Wyoming
South Entrance - Moran, Wyoming
West Entrance - West Yellowstone, Montana

The road from the North Entrance to the Northeast Entrance is the ONLY Road Open All Year to wheeled vehicles


Miles of paved roads - 370 / 595 km
North or Upper Loop - 70 miles / 113 km
South or Lower Loop - 96 miles / 155 km
Grand Loop (North and South Loops) - 142 miles / 229 km
Approximately miles of trails - 1,200 / 1,931 km
Trailheads - 97
Backcountry campsites - 300 (approximately)

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Size


Size - See Map Page


Square miles - 3,472 / 8,987 square km
Acres - 2,219,789 / 898,317 hectares
Miles north to south - 63 / 102 km
Miles east to west - 54 / 87 km
Larger than Rhode Island and Delaware combined

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Superintendents of Yellowstone National Park


Superintendents of Yellowstone National Park


Superintendents of Yellowstone National Park
Name Began Ended Name Began Ended
Nathaniel Pitt Langford1 May 10, 1872 Apr 18, 1877 Colonel Lloyd M. Brett2 September 30, 1910 October 15, 1916
Philetus Walter Norris1 April 18, 1877 March 31, 1882 Chester Allinson Lindsley2 October 16, 1916 June 28, 1919
Patrick Henry Conger1 April 1, 1882 September 9, 1884 Horace Marden Albright1 June 28, 1919 January 11 1929
Robert Emmett Carpenter1 September 10, 1884 June 30, 1885 Joseph Joffe2 January 12, 1929 February 1, 1929
David Walker Wear1 July 1, 1885 August 20, 1886 Roger Wolcott Toll1 February 1, 1929 February 25, 1936
Captian Moses Harris2 August 20, 1886 May 31, 1889 John W. Emmert2 February 26, 1936 May 25, 1936
Captain Frazier A. Boutelle2 June 1, 1889 February 15, 1891 Edmund B. Rogers1 May 25, 1936 October 31, 1956
Captain George S. Anderson2 February 15, 1891 June 23, 1897 Lemuel A. Garrison1 November 1, 1956 February 16, 1964
Colonel Samuel B. M. Young2 June 23, 1897 November 15, 1897 John S. McLaughlin1 March 6, 1964 October 6, 1967
Captain James B. Erwin2 November 15, 1897 March 15, 1899 Jack K. Anderson1 October 8, 1967 July 22, 1976
Captain Wilber E. Wilder2 March 15, 1899 June 23, 1899 John Allen Townsley1 August 4, 1976 1982
Captain Oscar J. Brown2 June 23, 1899 July 24, 1900 Robert Barbee1 January 9, 1983 September 1994
Captain George W. Goode2 July 24, 1900 May 8, 1901 Michael Finley1 October 30, 1994 February 2001
Captain John Pitcher2 May 8, 1901 June 1, 1907 Frank Walker2 February 2001 February 9, 2002
General Samuel B. M. Young1 June 1, 1907 November 28, 1908 Suzanne Lewis1 February 10, 2002 Oct 22, 2011
Major Harry C. Benson2 November 28, 1908 September 30, 1910 Dan Wenk1 February 2011 Present

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UTMs


Latitude / Longitude / UTM
(NOTE: ALL UTMS ARE "Nad83")
Center of the Park
44 36 53.25 (Lat) -110 30 03.93 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4940281 N, 539584 E
North Entrance
45 01 46.39 (Lat) -110 42 31.32 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4986275 N, 522949 E
Old Faithful
44 27 37.31 (Lat) -110 49 41.59 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4923021 N, 513665 E
Northeast Entrance
45 00 12.09 (Lat) -110 00 04.62 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4983809 N, 578510 E
Mammoth
44 58 34.79 (Lat) -110 42 03.37 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4980364 N, 523580 E
South Entrance
44 07 56.97 (Lat) -110 39 52.83 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4886643 N, 526824 E
East Entrance
44 29 18.42 (Lat) -110 00 13.80 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4926609 N, 579209 E
West Entrance
44 39 30.27 (Lat) -111 05 49.87 (Long)
UTM Zone 12: 4945010 N, 492295 E

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Visitation Information


Visitation Information - See Visitor Statistics


Months with most visitors


Jul - 980,702 (July 2015)
Aug - 854,408 (August 2015)
Jun - 780,768 (June 2015)
Sep - 680,214 (September 2015)

Months with least visitors


Nov - 11,536 (Nov 2014)
Dec - 18,340 (Dec 2014)
Mar - 18,778 (Mar 2015)
Jan - 26,778 (Jan 2015)

Most visitors: 2015 – 4,063,797


Winter Visitation: 115,299 (November 2014 - March 2015)


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Waterfalls


Waterfalls - there are over 290 - See the Waterfalls Page


Cave Falls
Dunnada Falls
Fairy Falls
Firehole Falls
Gibbon Falls
Keplers Cascade
LeHardys Rapids
Lower Falls
Moose Falls
Mystic Falls
Rustic Falls
Tower Fall
Undine Falls
Union Falls
Upper Falls
Wraith Falls

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Weather


Weather - See Weather Page for current conditions and more weather history data


Precipitation ranges from 10 inches (26 cm) at North boundary to 80 inches (205 cm) in the Southwest corner
Temperatures range from 10° F (-12° C) mean in January to 55° F (13° C) mean in July at Yellowstone Lake in the center of the park
Record High Temp: 98° F (37° C) - Lamar 1936
Record Low Temp: -66° F (-54° C) - Madison 1933

Yellowstone's Average Temperatures and Precipitation
Weather Data - 48 Year Average Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average Maximum Temperature (F) 28.6 34.0 39.6 49.4 60.4 70.0 79.6 78.3 67.8 55.7 38.7 30.5 52.8
Average Minimum Temperature (F) 9.6 13.0 17.2 26.0 34.3 41.2 46.7 45.3 37.0 29.4 19.2 11.8 27.6
Average Precipitation (Inches) 1.1 0.75 1.1 1.2 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 15.4
Average Total Snow Fall (Inches) 14.5 10.4 13.1 5.9 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.5 3.7 9.0 13.5 72.1

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Wildlife


Wildlife - See Wildlife Page


Largest concentration of free-roaming wildlife in the lower 48 states and the global temperate zone


Bullet

Amphibian Species - 4

Bullet

Bird Species - 311 (148 nesting species)

Bullet

"Endangered or threatened" protected species - 5

Bullet

Fish Species - 13 (5 non-native)

Bullet

Mammal Species - approximately 50

Bullet

Bear Species - 2

Bullet

- Black Bear

Bullet

- Grizzly Bear

Bullet

Canids (Dogs) Species - 4

Bullet

- Coyote

Bullet

- Swift Fox

Bullet

- Red Fox

Bullet

- Wolf - See the Wolf Page

Bullet

Ungulate Species (native hoofed mammals) - 7

Bullet

Reptile Species - 6


The list below names federally listed endangered or threatened species known to reside or occur in Yellowstone National Park.


E n d a n g e r e d


Bullet Gray wolf (Canis lupus)
Bullet Whooping crane (Grus americana)

T h r e a t e n e d


Bullet Grizzly bear (Ursus arctos horribilis)
Bullet Bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) — the eagle was down listed from endangered to threatened in four of five regions, including the one containing Yellowstone, in July 1995.
Bullet Lynx (Felis lynx canadensis) — listed in March 2000.

Note: The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) — formerly endangered, was delisted in August 1999.


Other Species of Concern


Category 1 species are candidates for listing on the federal list of threatened or endangered species.

BulletMountain plover (Charadrius montanus) — Migrant
BulletArctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) — in 1994, listing was determined to be warranted but pre-cluded at that time.

In August 1995, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issued new policy indicating Category 2 species are no longer considered candidates for listing. The list below of formerly classified Category 2 species indicates species about which we lack good information. These species are not all confirmed to be in Yellowstone, but may occur or reside here.

Bullet Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus)
Bullet Spotted bat (Euderma maculatum)
Bullet Preble's shrew (Sorexpreblei) — only one recorded specimen from Yellowstone
Bullet Long-billed curlew (Numenius americanus) — Migrant
Bullet Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) — Migrant
Bullet Ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis ) — Migrant
Bullet Trumpeter swan (Cygnus buccinator)
Bullet Harlequin duck (Histrionicus histrionicus)
Bullet Black tern (Chlidonias niger) — Occasional
Bullet Loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) — Migrant
Bullet Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)
Bullet Western boreal toad (Bufo boreas boreas)
Bullet Spotted frog (Rana pretioas)
Bullet Ross' bentgrass ( Agrostis rossiae) — Endemic to Yellowstone
Bullet Yellowstone sand verbena ( Abronia ammophila)

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